Monday, February 1, 2010

Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway which converts glucose (C6H12O6) into pyruvate (CH3COCOO- + H+). Glycolysis is the anaerobic catabolism of glucose, occurring in virtually all cells. In eukaryotes, it occurs in the cytosol. The free energy, which is stored in 2 molecules of pyruvic acid, is somewhat less than that in the original glucose molecule. The free energy released in this process is used to form the high energy compounds, ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and NADH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide).

Glycolysis is a definite sequence of ten reactions involving ten intermediate compounds, with one of the steps involving two intermediates. The most common type of glycolysis is the Embden-Meyerhof pathway, which was first discovered by Gustav Embden and Otto Meyerhof.

Glycolysis process explained by professor (video)