Celiac Artery

Monday, May 16, 2011

Also known as the celiac trunk, the celiac artery is a blood vessel which branches off the abdominal aorta, anterior to the T12 vertebra, and then travels to the left. The celiac artery supplies oxygenated blood to the liver, stomach, abdominal esophagus, spleen and the superior half of both the duodenum and the pancreas. The celiac artery gives off three smaller branches: left gastric artery, common hepatic artery, and splenic artery.

Obstruction of the celiac artery will lead to necrosis of the structures it supplies, since it is an essential source of blood to the organs in the abdominal cavity.