Deep Femoral Artery

Friday, May 20, 2011

The deep femoral artery is a branch of the femoral artery which runs posteriorly (more deeply) down the thigh, closer to the femur than the rest of the femoral artery. Also known as the profunda femoris artery, the deep femoral artery comes off the femoral artery and does not leave the thigh, giving off six smaller branches: 1) lateral femoral circumflex artery, which passes behind the sartorius and rectus femoris muslce; 2) medial femoral circumflex artery, which winds around the medial side of the femur; 3) perforating arteries, which are three in number and perforate the tendon of the Adductor magnus to reach the back of the thigh. The deep femoral artery carries oxygenated blood to supply the muscles and bone of the thigh.