Saturday, July 28, 2012

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the skeleton bones lose calcium and other minerals, giving way to porosity as they become frigile. Someone who suffers from osteoporosis has tendency of getting a broken bone, due to a decrease in bone mass. It affects older people (over 50), especially women who have had their menopause and their bodies no longer secrete estrogen (a type of hormone). Treatment: calcitonin, alendronate, and physical exercises; working out with light weight to tone up the muscles strengthens the bones overtime, since the constant contraction of skeletal muscles stimulates the osteoblasts to develop into osteocytes, thus strengthening the bone tissue. Climbing up steps or a hill side, for example, makes the leg and hip muscles contract, strengthening the pelvis. To keep a strong pelvis is very important in older people.