Anthrax

Friday, October 26, 2012

Anthrax is a disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium transmitted to man from cattle and sheep. Anthrax is extremely infectious and can be fatal if not treated. It is characterized by high fever, headache, weakness, and a skin ulcer or necrotic boil if the Bacillus anthracis enters the body through a small wound in the skin, with men who works with cattle and sheep being the most exposed. But the bacterium can also gets into the body by inhalation and ingestion. Anthrax begins after an incubation period between 12 hours and 6 days. The main treatment consists of antibiotics, such as doxycycline, penicillin, and ciprofloxacin.