Encephalitis

Sunday, November 18, 2012

Encephalitis is an inflammatory disease of the brain, which could be caused by any of number of viruses, transmitted by mosquitoes, but it can also be caused by amoeba or bacteria. This inflammation of the brain has the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, headache, fever, tremor, stiff neck, seizures, confusion, delirium. Most cases of viral encephalitis are mild and last for a few weeks, leaving no neurological lesions. However, encephalitis caused by amoeba, such as the Naegleria fowleri, is fatal in 90 %. The treatment of viral encephalitis consists in the administration of anti-viral medication, such as ganciclovir, acyclovir, ribovarin, and AZT. If the encephilitis is caused by bacteria, it is treated with antibiotics. If it is caused by amoeba, the treatment consists of application of amphotericin B.