Occipital Artery

Sunday, June 14, 2015

The occipital artery is a blood vessel which originates from the external carotid artery, in the superior lateral side of the neck, just below the lower maxilar. It runs up backward, with a tortous course, to end up at the back of the head, giving off the following branches: the sternocleidomastoid, auricular, mastoid, and descending arteries. The occipital artery supplies the scalp, the sternocleidomastoid and other deep muscles of the neck with oxygen-rich blood.

Occipital artery (image from Gray's Anatomy)