Rolandic Artery

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

The rolandic artery emerges from the terminal section of the superior bifurcation branch of middle cerebral artery, running up along the central sulcus (fissure of Rolando). Along its course, it gives off several smaller branches, supplying both the primary motor region of the anterior central gyrus and sensitive areas of the post-central gyrus. A rupture of the rolandic artery, or one of its branches, can cause hemiplegia (total or partial paralysis) of one side of the body, as it is one of the most common site of cerebral hemmorrhage.