Thursday, July 23, 2009

Cingulate Gyrus

Cingulate gyrus is located in the medial part of the cerebrum, limited above by the cingulate sulcus, partially wrapping around the corpus callosum. It is a long curved gyrus of the medial surface of the cortical hemisphere, bending over the corpus callosum from which it is separated by the deep sulcus of the corpus callosum. The cortical part of the cingulate gyrus is referred to as cingulate cortex.

As it gets inputs from the anterior nucleus of the thalamus and the neocortex, as well as from somatosensory areas of the cerebral cortex, the cingulate gyrus functions as an integral part of the limbic system, which is involved with emotion formation and processing, learning, and memory.