Saturday, July 16, 2011
Scleritis is an inflammation of the sclera, which is the hard, white outer coating of the eye ball. Although scleritis is usually associated with autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, it may also be contracted through infections, chemical injuries, and disorders of menstruation. The symptons are: severe ocular pain, redness of the sclera and conjunctiva, sensitivity to light, and decrease in visual acuity. In very severe cases of necrotizing scleritis, eye surgery must be performed to repair damaged corneal tissue in the eye and preserve the patient's vision. For less severe cases, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, are prescribed for pain relief. Scleritis itself is treated with an oral medication containing corticosteroids and an eye solution. In some cases, antibiotics are prescribed.