The popliteal artery arises from the femoral artery. It runs through the adductor canal to enter the popliteal fossa at the flexor side of the knee. It is called the popliteal artery until it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries. During its course, the popliteal artery gives off the lateral superior genicular, the medial superior genicular, and the sural branches. It supplies the knee joint and the calf muscles.