Sunday, October 28, 2012

Weil's Disease

Also known as leptospirosis, Weil's disease is an infection caused by Leptospira interrogans, a spiral-shaped bacterium measuring about 12 micrometer long and 0.1 micrometer in diameter. The bacterium that causes Weil's disease is transmitted to man when urine or feces of contaminated domestic animals, such horses, sheep, and pigs gets in contact with a scratch or crack in his skin. The symptoms are high fever, liver inflammation, jaundice, headaches, etc. The disease can be fatal if there is bleeding-producing lesions in liver, kidneys, and brain, since the disease damages the epithelial lining of small blood vessels. Leptospirosis is treated with antibiotics: erythormycine, penicillin, etc.